ART HISTORY TEST 3 | Late Medieval/Gothic


Create a Gothic-style painting of a scene or event with tempera on paper.
You may choose to make your scene;
  1. Simple but Dramatic, like Giotto
  2. Include a landscape background, like Lorenzetti, or
  3. A surreal scene of unusual creatures and settings, Like Hieronymous Bosch

  • Aesthetics
    • Drama
    • Expression; invoke, evoke, & provoke
    • Composition
    • Atmospheric perspective
    • Sensory Elements of Design
    • Formal Principles of Design
  • Art Production
    • Fresco
  • Art Criticism
  • Art History- Italy 1,300's AD
    • Patrons
    • Giotto di Bondone (the Scrovegni Chapel in Padua) “The Lamentation” and “The Resurrection”
    • Duccio di Buoninsegna “Maestá”
    • Ambrogio Lorenzetti “Good Government in the Countryside”/“An Allegory of Good Government”
    • Simone Martini (Chapel of St. Martin)
    • Jan van Eyck “The Arnolfini Portrait” & “The Virgin of Chancellor Rolin”
    • Roger van der Weyden “The Last Judgment”
    • Hieronymous Bosch “The Temptation of St. Anthony” and “The Ship of Fools”

Hieronymus Bosch (1450-1516) certainly puts the "dark" in Dark Ages.
His depictions of Hell were meant to scare the Hell out of illiterate parishioners so that they'd attend church more regularly. He'd inspire later surrealists, not to mention the matte painters and set designers for Adam Sandler's 2000 film, "Little Nicky."

Now Matthias Grunwald did drama. He kicked medieval art butt! This is part of an altar he painted for a leper colony. To show the patients (inmates) that Jesus empathized with their suffering, he painted the Christ's twisted and mangled flesh on the cross with the same kind of sores and disfigurements that they might suffer from their disease. In those sores and bruises inflicted by Roman flogging, Grunwald even hid demonic faces, sort of like Bosch might of.